Below is a list of a selected group of sources. I have employed many diverse primary and secondary sources in my research, but I have decided to only include sources directly used in this project in the archive. For example, though I have used newspaper articles ranging from 1898 to 1906 in the Grand Rapids Democrat, Grand Rapids Press and the Grand Rapids Herald, I only include the articles explicityly used to build visualizations or quoted in my analysis in order to provide a flavor of the larger corpus of newspaper articles that have gone into my broader research.

Archival Material

1897, 1904 Yearbooks,Peninsular Club Collection, Grand Rapids Public Library, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Membership lists,Ladies Literary Club Collection, Grand Rapids Public Library, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Proceedings of the Common Council1900, 1901, 1902

The Grand Rapids Herald

The Democratic Bolt

One of Perry's Sops

Nominations Made

Are in Favor of Grand Jury

Put on Record!

Secret No Longer

Grand Rapids Herald Co. Grand Rapids Illustrated: Supplement to the Grand Rapids Herald, 1902. Grand Rapids Herald Co., 1902.

City Histories

Lydens, Z. Z. The Story of Grand Rapids. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1966.

Goss, Dwight. History of Grand Rapids and its Industries. C.F. Cooper, 1906.

Baxter, Albert. History of the city of Grand Rapids, Michigan. Munsell & company, 1891.

Fisher, Ernest B. Grand Rapids and Kent County, Michigan: Historical Account of their Progress from First Settlement to the Present Time. Robert O. Law Company, 1918.

Leonard, John William. Who's who in finance and banking. Who's Who in Finance Inc., 1922.

Grand Rapids City Directories, 1891, 1898, 1900, 1902.

Ransom, Frank Edward. The City Built on Wood: A History of the Furniture Industry in Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1850-1950. Ann Arbor: Edwards Brothers, Inc., 1955.